Colonized by British and German immigrants during the 19th century, Papua New Guinea's ("PNG") coffee industry originated with the planting of coffee trees near Port Moresby by these European immigrants. Commercial production increased in the 1920s with the introduction of the Jamaican Blue Mountain variety, grown by a small number of large European or Australian-owned estates employing local labor.
The large estates and plantations still exist today although the majority of coffee is now produced by smallholder farmers. The typical famer grows a small amount of coffee on around 1 to 2 hectares of land. Diverse cultural differences that exist between the many different indigenous populations and the lack of infrastructure and basic communication systems make doing business in PNG harder than many other regions which has been an impediment to the development of specialty coffee. However, PNG has developed a unique coffee grading system that measures screen size, as do many other countries, but also bean shape, color, cup quality, and presence of defect.
Chivu, Eastern Highlands, Western Highlands
Arusha, Blue Mountain, Typica
May – September