The Haya people of Tanzania originally grew and consumed coffee cherries as a chewed fruit rather than as a beverage. German colonists effectively required farmers to grow Arabica coffee as a cash crop and developing the industry around Mount Kilimanjaro.
The British took control of the colonies from the Germans following the First World War and encouraged the development of smallholder farmer cooperatives throughout the 1920s. Tanganyika and Zanzibar achieved their independence from Britain in 1964 and combined to form the Republic of Tanzania. Tanzanian coffee is known today, in most of the Western world, for separated peaberry lots.
Peaberries are a naturally occurring mutation in which a coffee berry forms one rounded seed instead of the usual two, through non-fertilization of one ovule or subsequent abortion. The majority of Tanzanian coffee is purchased by Japanese buyers that prize the uniformity of bean-size and reject peaberries. Instead, the Tanzanian beaberries are typically sold to Western buyers. Some opinions are that peaberries have a higher flavor potency than standard coffee beans.
Arusha, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Mbeya, Ruvuma, Tarime
Arusha, Bourbon, Blue Mountain, Kents
South: May – September
North: July – November