Plantation of coffee and traditional mountain village in Eastern Haraz, Yemen

Yemen

HISTORY

Coffee was first planted in Yemen in the 17th century as merchants sought to produce coffee for their personal use and for trade with Europe. From these trade routes, coffee spread in popularity and, by the late 1600s, Yemen established itself as the world's coffee powerhouse. The enormous Dutch plantations in Java were planted from Yemeni coffee plants and, from there, fed plants to the rest of the New World.


However due to political troubles and natural disasters, Yemen has transitioned from one of the wealthiest countries to one of the most war-torn countries, dependent on foreign aid. Currently suffering from a severe water shortage, what water that is available for agriculture is often used for the production of qat, used by the medical industry. Political conflicts further exacerbate challenges with international shipping and logistics, all of which leads to a higher costs of production and thereby the price of coffee.


Yemen's coffee future remains uncertain but the profile and history ensure a continuing demand for good specialty coffee from the region. The varieties grown in the somewhat arid climate here and under full sun tend toward more deep chocolate tones, and the Natural processing contributes a dynamic winey characteristic that gives dimension and nuance.

Overview

GROWING REGIONS

Bani Mater, Bani Hammad, Bura’a, Haraaz, Haimateen


COMMON VARIETIES

Dawairi, Jaadi, Tuffahi


PROCESSING METHODS

Natural


HARVEST PERIOD

October – March